Filling the Roles
After the location of the building and roads has been decided and surveyed, architectural designs for the building will have to be created. Architects are often the first outside professionals brought onto a project. The architect will create the preliminary designs for the building. Once the preliminary designs are completed more designers will be brought onto the project, such as structural engineers, mechanical engineers, and electrical engineers. On many commercial building projects a civil engineer will also need to be consulted.
Project Manager & Contractor
Once designs are completed, a building permit must be obtained from the building department before construction can begin. Sometimes other local permits or agreements will be required by local authorities as well. These permits are usually obtained by a Construction Project Manager or General Contractor. This position can sometimes be fulfilled by the same individual, but on other projects Construction Project Management will be performed by a group and the General Contractor will be a separate entity.
Once these positions are filled, subcontractors will also need to be hired. Subcontractors are contractors that specialize in a particular area of construction, such as carpenters, excavators, or electricians. Large building projects can require many different subcontractors. Once contractors have been brought onto the project, construction on the building can begin.